Kratom or Mitragyna speciosa is a native plant to Southeast Asia regions such as Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, and Malaysia. This tree is characterized by the ovate-acuminate-shaped dark green leaves and globular yellow-clustered flowers. A kratom tree can grow to 12-30 ft of height and 15 ft of width. There are two various kinds of the plant: the White Vein and Red Vein varieties. In various elements of Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, the plant can be known with the name thom, krathom, ketum, kakuam, ithang, or biak biak. Natives of Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia have been using the plant traditionally even prior to the Western discovered its properties in 19th century. Kratom products is found in the form of the plant extract, fresh leaves, dried leaves, powdered, paste, or small pellets.
Besides used as painkiller and for curing diarrhea, just like other alkaloid-containing plants, kratom is frequently used for therapeutic and recreational purposes. Taken at low to medium dose (around 2 to 20 grams of kratom leaves), the herb can reduce fatigue as well as elicit euphoria and stimulant-like effects. The stimulating ramifications of the herb include increased sexual and physical energy, more alert mind, improved ability to complete hard monotonous physical works, and improved personality such as more talkative, sociable, and friendly. Meanwhile, higher dose of 21 to 50 grams the plant’s leaves bring sedative-like effects; making its user resistant to emotional and physical pain, be in pleasurable feeling, feel and look calm, and have pleasant daydreaming. However, a kratom user also can get unpleasant negative effects such as constricted pupils, sweating, itching, nausea, and vomiting.
Kratom can be found to have properties in treating opiate addiction. Since the plant has cross-tolerance with opiates, it’s often used for opiate detox treatment especially in New Zealand. For around 6 weeks, patients are let to smoke kratom when opiate withdrawal symptoms occur. Within the time range, the kratom dosage will be gradually reduced how to mix kratom powder with water. Therapeutic usage of the plant must certanly be controlled by authorized party as regular usage of kratom alone can cause addiction although much less severe as opium or heroin addictions. In fact, in some countries such as Australia, Malaysia, Thailand, New Zealand, Denmark, and Myanmar the usage of kratom is controlled and illegal possession of the herb may result in strict penalty.
More studies on kratom also revealed that the herb contains antioxidants and therefore is known as to have essential benefits just like those within Green Tea. The herb can be found to contain fiber which can be helpful in relieving constipation.